Install Nginx on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
What is Nginx?
Nginx is a Fast, Open Source, high-performance web server that commands a huge market share in production environments. Nginx is one of the most popular web servers in the world and hosts some of the largest and highest-traffic sites on the internet. Nginx provides a content management cache, and a reverse proxy feature for HTTP and non-HTTP servers.
This article will show you how to install, Services Manage, and Adjust Firewall.
- The operating system running Ubuntu 20.04 Linux
- A root or non-root user with sudo privileges
- A stable internet connection
- Make sure Apache or any other processes are not running on port 80 or 443
- Terminal window / Command line
2. Update Software Repositories
Updating the local package with apt command. Open a terminal window and run the following command:
sudo apt update
Upgrading the local package with apt command. Open a terminal window and run the following command:
sudo apt upgarde
3. Installing Nginx
Nginx is available in the Ubuntu 20.04 default repositories. Run the following command and install Nginx:
sudo apt install nginx
4. Verify Installation
When Nginx installed correctly, checking by the software version.
5. Managing the Nginx Process
Now that you have your web server up and running, let's go over basic management commands.
To stop your web server, run this command:
sudo systemctl stop nginx
To start your web server, run this command:
sudo systemctl start nginx
To reload your web server, run this command:
sudo systemctl reload nginx
To disable your web server, run this command:
sudo systemctl disable nginx
To enable your web server, run this command:
sudo systemctl enable nginx
To status your web server, run this command:
sudo systemctl status nginx
6. Nginx Adjusting Firewall
Check the available
ufw application profiles:
sudo ufw app list
Let’s enable the most restrictive profile that will still allow the traffic you’ve configured, permitting traffic on port
sudo ufw allow 'Nginx Full'
Verify the change:
sudo ufw status
If you have other applications or services to allow, make sure you configure your firewall to allow traffic.
For example, using the
sudo ufw allow 'OpenSSH' the command will enable secure, encrypted logins over the network.
For Verify it installed correctly Nginx, open a web browser and type in the address bar
After opening this URL, you can see the Nginx default page as in the image below:
This blog helped you install Nginx on Ubuntu using a set of simple commands.